AB: Microagressions

Step 1: Cite

Derald Wing Sue and David Rivera. (n.d.). Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life. In Psychology Today. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/microaggressions-in-everyday-life/201010/racial-microaggressions-in-everyday-life

Step 2: Summarize

The author argues that we make everyday statements that we think are harmless but in reality these comments are seen harmful to the culture they are being directed towards.

Step 3: Evaluate

Evaluate your source by considering the relevance, author, purpose, publication information, evidence, author bias, etc.  Using information from the source and/or internet research, form an educated opinion about and write statements that addresses:


  • Is this source useful?

Yes, this article is useful in explaining microagressions in everyday life.

  • Will the information in this source help to accomplish your purpose as a research?  If so, how? If not, why not?

I feel that understanding the term microagression will help me in my research and help me be more conscious of how I interview people in my subculture. However, I actually do not like this source I find it bias and it would not help me in my research.

Intended Audience (of work, not the Annotated Bibliography)

  • Determine the intended audience.

People who can relate to microagressions and strongly disagree with them.

  • Is it intended for the general public, for scholars, policy makers, teachers, professionals, practitioners, etc.?

I feel this was written for the general public to see and understand.

  • Is this reflected in the author’s style of writing or presentation?

Yes, the author writes in a way in which the average person could understand.


  • Who is the author?  Are they qualified to write on the topic?

Derald Wing Sue, Ph.D., and David Rivera, M.S. They have degrees in Psychology so I think they are qualified to write on this subject.

  • What is their affiliation?  Institution? Agency? Organization? Political Party?

They both have degrees in Psychology.

  • What are the author’s biases and how they that affect the information, ideas? arguments?

They are against microagressions and you can defiantly tell.

  • Author Bias
  • Determine if the author has a bias or makes assumptions upon which the rationale of the article or research rests.

I feel that there is bias in this article.

  • What are the biases?

They take everything out of context such as the flight attendant asking the women to move their seats. She was not singling them out she was just simply doing her job and trying to make everyone’s trip comfortable. If those passengers were the last on the plane and they weren’t able to sit together they would have complained if the attendant would have ignored the problem.


  • Who is the publisher?  What kind of material do they publish?  Are they reputable?
  • What is the publisher’s mission statement?  What biases might exist? 


  • Is enough evidence offered?


  • What type of evidence is used?  Personal? Anecdotal? Quantitative? Qualitative?

I feel like it is personal and bias.

  • Is the evidence used ethically?  Is it fair?  Is it clear?

No, there are two sides to this story I could come back with a clear fair argument.

  • Is it convincing?  Is it reasonably interpreted? Are alternate viewpoints addressed?

I’m not convinced at all, and no other viewpoints are adressed.

  • Do you know the origins of the evidence?  Is it carefully cited?

Relate to Subject and Other Works (for individual research projects)

  • Explain how this work illuminates the bibliography topic. How is it useful?

It helps me to understand that some things I say are offensive even if I do not mean for them to be even thought something are over analyzed in this article.

  • Compare or contrast this work with another (or others) cited.
  • Is the work, or its date or view, out-of-date, yet a valid historical reference?

No it is not out of date.

  • Describe “your” reaction to the item.

I hated it to be honest. I disagree with most examples given in the article.

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